Takht-i-Bahi (Urdu: تخت باھی; Throne of the water spring), additionally usually mispronounced as Takht-i-Bhai (“Brother’s throne”), could be a Parthian archaeologic site of associate ancient religious residence in Mardan, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The religious residence was initial a Zoroastrian complicated that, once the later arrival of Buddhism, was then reborn into a Buddhist monastic complicated.
The site dates to the first century . The complex is regarded by archaeologists as being notably representative of the design of Buddhist monastic centers from its era.Takht-i-Bahi was listed as a United Nations agency World Heritage website in 1980.
The word Takht-i-Bahi could have completely different explanations. native believes that site got its name from 2 wells on hill or the springs near . In Persian, Takht means that “top” or “throne” whereas bahi means that “spring” or “water”. once combined along its that means is Spring from the highest or High Spring, and there have been 2 springs on the highest of mountains. Another that means prompt is Throne of Origin.
The ruins situated fifteen kilometers from Mardan in Pakistan’s Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Province. alittle fortified town, dating from the same era, sits near . The ruins conjointly sit close to a contemporary village far-famed by identical name. it’s situated around five hundred feet atop the little hill and around a pair of kilometre from village bazar. the encircling space is legendary for sugar cane, wheat, maize, vegetable, and grove cultivation.
There is four main areas of the Takht Bahi complex:
The Stupa Court, a cluster of stupas placed in a very central yard.
The monastic chambers, consisting of individual cells organized around a yard, assembly halls, and a area.
A temple advanced, consisting of stupas and like the Stupa Court, however of later construction.
The Buddhism monastic advanced, that consists of tiny, dark cells with low openings, which can are used sure types of Buddhism meditation.
Additional structures on the positioning might have served as residences or meeting halls, or for profane functions. All of the buildings on the positioning square measure made from native stone, and square measure mortared with lime and dirt.
Archaeologists have divided the history of the advanced into four periods, starting within the first century BCE.
The monastic advanced was doubtless based within the early first century . it’s well-tried by associate inscriptions found bearing the name of Gondophares (20-46 CE). when Gondophares, the place fell in check of Kujula Kadphises, the primary Kushan king. This initial era continued till the second century , and is related to another Kushan king Kanishka, similarly as early Parthian and later Kushan kings. The second construction amount, including the creation of the Stupa Court and auditorium, happened throughout the third and fourth centuries . a 3rd construction amount, related to the later Kushan kinfolk and also the Kidara Kushana rulers, occurred throughout the fourth and fifth centuries. the ultimate construction amount, that saw the creation of the questionable Tantrik advanced, happened within the sixth and seventh centuries , and was overseen by incursive Hun rulers.
Despite various invasions into the realm, Takht-i-Bahi’s crest location looks to own protected it from destruction, not like several comparable early Buddhist monastic complexes. The advanced was occupied ceaselessly till Late Antiquity (7th century CE), once charitable funding for the positioning finished.
The first trendy historical relation to these ruins was created in 1836 by the French Officer, the Buddhist remains square measure in an exceedingly village named Mazdoorabad. Explorations and excavations on this web site began in 1864. a major variety of objects from the positioning will be found within the British deposit. the positioning underwent a serious restoration within the Nineteen Twenties.